Prescription Drugs that Cause Birth Defects
An estimated 90% of women take one medication during pregnancy while 70% take at least one prescribed medicine. Over the last three decades, prescription medication use during the first trimester has increased by more than 60%. Research has shown that taking prescription pain killers can increase your child’s risk of birth defects.
An average of 150,000 children are born with birth defects in the United States each year ranging from milk conditions to life-threatening. Heart defects are the most common form of a birth defect affecting more than 25,000 US infants each year. Clubfoot is the second most common defect affecting more than 5,000 babies per year. Down syndrome gives children a degree of retardation and impacts 1 in every 1,000 babies in America.
Drugs that Increase Risks of Birth Defects
1. Teratogenic: These medications can cause birth defects in multiple ways by directly damaging the fetus, damaging the placenta or umbilical cord, or causing uterine contractions.
2. Tetracyclines, Sulfa drug, Cipro, and other Antibiotics.
3. Benzodiazepines for sleeping pills and anti-anxiety drugs can contribute to issues with newborns breathing, temperature regulation, and muscle problems.
4. Accutane and other related dermatological drugs are known to pose an extremely serious risk of birth defects or death and should never be used by a pregnant woman.
5. Soriatane is another dermatological drug that is considered damaging to developing fetuses and is not recommended for use for three years prior to conception.
6. Aspirins and other related salicylates drugs can cause birth complications when used late in pregnancy.
7. Antidepressants such as Paxil can double the risk of heart birth defects when used in the first trimester. Prozac is known to double your risk for delivering a child with primary pulmonary hypertension.